A salad is a dish consisting of small pieces of food, which may be mixed with a sauce or salad dressing. Salads can incorporate a variety of foods including vegetables fruits, cheese, cooked meat, eggs and grains. Garden salads use a base of leafy green
The word "salad" comes from the French salade of the same meaning, from the Latin salata (salty), from sal (salt). In English, the word first appears as "salad" or "sallet" in the 14th century.
Salads may be served at any point during a meal, such as:
- Appetizer salads, light salads to stimulate the appetite as the first course of the meal.
- Side salads, to accompany the main course as a side dish.
- Main course salads, usually containing a portion of heartier fare, such as chicken breast or slices of beef.
- Dessert salads, sweet versions often containing fruit, gelatin and/or whipped cream.
Vegetables other than greens may be used in a salad.
Common raw vegetables used in a salad include cucumbers, peppers, tomatoes, onions, spring onions, red onions, carrots, celery, and radishes.