The domestic cat is a small, typically furry, domesticated, and carnivorous mammal. They are often called house cats when kept as indoor pets or simply cats when there is no need to distinguish them from other fields and felines known as scientific names "Felis catus"cats are similar in anatomy to the other fields, with strong, flexible bodies, quick reflexes, sharp retractable claws, and teeth adapted to killing small prey. Cat senses fit a crepuscular and predatory ecological niche.Cats can hear sounds too faint or too high in frequency for human ears, such as those made by mice and other small animals. They can see in near darkness.
Since cats were venerated in ancient Egypt, they were commonly believed to have been domesticated there but there may have been instances of domestication as early as the Neolithic from around 9,500 years ago (7,500 BC).
There are more than 70 cat breeds around the world. Different associations proclaim different numbers according to their standards. The International Progressive Cat Breeders Alliance (IPCBA) recognizes 73 cat breeds while TICA (The International Cat Association) recognizes 58, CFA (The Cat Fanciers' Association) recognizes 44 and Federation International Feline (FIFE) recognizes 43 cat breeds .
Free-ranging cats are active both day and night, although they tend to be slightly more active at night.The timing of cats' activity is quite flexible and varied, which means house cats may be more active in the morning and evening (crepuscular behavior), as a response to greater human activity at these times.Although they spend the majority of their time in the vicinity of their home, housecats can range many hundreds of meters from this central point.
Cats are known for spending considerable amounts of time licking their coat to keep it clean.The cat's tongue has backwards-facing spines about 500 μm long, which are called papillae. These contain keratin which makes them quite rigid so the papillae act like a hairbrush. Some cats, particularly long haired cats, occasionally regurgitate hairballs of fur that have collected in their stomachs from grooming. These clumps of fur are usually sausage-shaped and about 2–3 cm (0.8–1.2 in) long. Hairballs can be prevented with remedies that ease elimination of the hair through the gut, as well as regular grooming of the coat with a comb or stiff brush.
Among domestic cats, males are more likely to fight than females. Among feral cats, the most common reason for cat fighting is competition between two males to mate with a female. In such cases, most fights are won by the heavier male. Another common reason for fighting in domestic cats is the difficulty of establishing territories within a small home. Female cats also fight over territory or to defend their kittens. Neutering will decrease or eliminate this behavior in many cases, suggesting that the behavior is linked to sex hormones.When cats become aggressive, they try to make themselves appear larger and more threatening by raising their fur, arching their backs, turning sideways and hissing or spitting.
FACT ABOUT CATS.
Cats show affection and mark their territory by rubbing on people. Glands on their face, tail and paws release a scent to make its mark.
The average cat sleeps 16-18 hours per day.
Cats have more than 100 different vocal sounds.
A female cat carries her kittens for about 58-65 days before they are born.
Cats cannot see in complete darkness, only at low light levels.
Humans greet each other by shaking hands; cats greet one another by touching their noses together.